Infectious Diseases: Measles (Sometimes Called Red Measles/Rubeola)


First, there is a fever, runny nose, cough and red eyes. In a few days, there is a rash, first around the face, then spreading to the chest, arms and legs. Eyes may hurt in bright light. It can also cause an ear infection or pneumonia.


Measles is a disease caused by a virus.


There is no treatment for measles. Many children become so ill they must be hospitalized. There can be complications, such as ear infections and pneumonia. Antibiotics have no effect on measles.


Spread quickly by sneezing and coughing. Measles are very contagious. Measles is serious – especially if it causes encephalitis (swelling of the brain). It is prevented by immunizing children with the MMR vaccine. Check with your doctor on when your child should get the vaccine.

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