Pick the right pet for your family

Adding an animal to your family can be a wonderful way to teach children
about responsibility, patience, unconditional love and the circle of
life. But getting the right type of pet requires some thought. Start by considering the following factors:

  • Family
    schedule: Is someone home during the day? Or are you constantly rushing
    from work and school to lessons and sports in the evenings and on
    weekends?
  • Do you live in an apartment or a house? Do you have a
    backyard, and if so, is it fenced in? If you rent, does your landlord
    allow pets?
  • How much can you afford to spend each month taking care of your pet?
  • Who will take care of your pet if you’re away?
  • How
    active is your family? Do you like to be outdoors walking, hiking and
    playing sports, or do you enjoy reading and indoor games?
  • Does anyone in your family have allergies?
  • How many years are you willing to give to a pet?
  • Have you ever owned an animal before?
  • Realistically, can your children be counted on to walk, feed and maintain a pet?

Once you’ve weighed all information, you’ll be in a better position to choose the right pet for your family.

Low-maintenance animals

Fish, snakes and reptiles, such as lizards and turtles.

  • Time commitment: around 15 minutes a day for feeding, and a weekly cleaning of their tanks and cages.
  • Space: The size of their container.
  • Annual cost: $ A few hundred dollars a year.
  • Ideal
    for the family who doesn’t have a lot of time or space but wants to
    introduce the concept of caring for another creature to the family. The
    animals aren’t affectionate like their furry counterparts, so they may
    not provide as much of a bonding experience. Reptiles can also transmit
    salmonella through their feces, through direct contact or contact with
    things the reptile has touched, so handwashing after contact is
    critical.

Medium-maintenance animals

Cats, birds, rabbits and rodents such as guinea pigs, hamsters, gerbils and mice.

  • Time
    commitment: These animals require slightly more time each day to
    prepare their food, and also require weekly cage and litter box
    cleaning.
  • Space: The size of their container.
  • Annual cost: $$ A few more hundred dollars for more supplies or more frequent vet bills.
  • Unlike
    fish and reptiles, these animals can be handled and like to be pet and
    cuddled. They make noises when they are happy and bond with their
    families.

High-maintenance animals

The highest maintenance domestic pet is the dog.

  • Time commitment: They require at least an hour or two each day to be exercised and fed. They should also be groomed frequently.
  • Space:
    May require a crate (the size will depend on the breed of the dog). A
    fenced-in yard is also ideal, though many dogs are happy apartment
    dwellers.
  • Annual cost: $$$ Expenses can run into the thousands
    each year, including food, toys, veterinary bills (expected and
    unexpected), obedience training and kennel costs if needed.
  • No
    other domestic animal bonds with a family the way a dog does; they are
    pack animals, and once they’re a part of your pack, they’re dedicated to
    you for life.

Should you consider adopting from a shelter?

  • Many
    people like the idea of giving an animal a second chance by adopting
    from a shelter, but worry that shelter animals may be sick or not
    properly socialized. “Not true,” says Mike Arms, president of the Helen
    Woodward Animal Center in San Diego, Calif., and founder of the Iams
    Home 4 the Holidays adoption drive, an annual North Americawide pet
    adoption campaign. “If it’s a reputable shelter, the animals have been
    medically examined, and they know their temperament. They want to match
    your family up with the right pet – that’s their business, and they
    don’t want to see the pet returned. They want it to have a long, happy
    life in a forever home.”
  • Pets from shelters are often already
    spayed or neutered, and their personalities are developed, so you know
    pretty much what you’re going to get in terms of temperament. They’re
    past the puppy or kitten stage, so they likely won’t be doing things
    like chewing slippers. Many have already been house trained and may have
    some obedience training. You can also see their size and appearance as a
    full-grown animal.
  • Many people believe that animals from a
    shelter know that they’ve been given a second chance and are the most
    loyal pets you could ever hope for.


Originally published in ParentsCanada, May/June 2012

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